Work During Non-Work Time of Public Employees
Purpose: Employees and their work during non-work time are affected by
technology development, societal changes and other factors that have
an inherent impact on the employees’ attitude towards work during nonwork
time. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the upto-
date research on employees performing work during non-work time.
Design/Methodology/Approach: The main methodological approach
used in the article is a systematic literature review of 18 scientific articles
found in citation databases in WOS, Scopus, etc. The collected literature
is relevant as it encompasses both quantitative and qualitative analyses
to gather insights on performing work during non-work time.
Findings: The results imply that work during non-work time is a growing
phenomenon among employees and public employees are no exception.
Regarding the socio-demographic groups affected, findings indicate
that work during non-work time is particularly common for employees in
managerial positions and for professionals in education, health and police
services, as well as for employees engaged in remote work. They also
confirm that employees work during non-work time at different times of
the day, at weekends, and during their annual and sick leave.
Practical Implications: The article is especially relevant for public employees
due to increased use of information and communication technology.
As such, they are also exposed to intensifying work-related expectations
and requests/pressures for flexible work arrangements.
Originality/Value: The originality of the topic is reflected in the underrepresentation
of scientific research on the performance of work during
non-work time among public employees.
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Only papers not published or submitted for publication elsewhere, will be considered.