Improving Environmental Permitting Systems: Integrated Permits in the Netherlands

  • Hanna Dürtge Tolsma
Keywords: environmental permitting, integrated approach, integrated environmental permit, rule of purpose-specific powers


Environmental law originally developed in a fragmented way (sectoral legislation protecting water, soil or air). This fragmented approach towards environmental protection caused problems. Citizens and businesses applying for a permit are confronted with a range of procedures with a variety of different time limits, assessment criteria and legal remedies. Comparative law research shows that the integration of legislation in the field of environmental law is a growing trend. Policymakers feel the necessity to integrate decision-making in order to optimise the protection of the environment. The first part of this article contains a brief overview of the concept of an integrated process for the granting of environmental permits. The second part discusses the idea of environmental model 4 permit, which has been but forward in the Netherlands. It is questionable if this specific concept of integrated environmental permitting can be achieved within the constraints of Dutch administrative law.

Abstract views 305
PDF downloads 325
How to Cite
Tolsma, H. (2014). Improving Environmental Permitting Systems: Integrated Permits in the Netherlands. Central European Public Administration Review, 12(2-3), pp. 81-98.