Decision-Making under Pillars Two and Three

  • Petr Jeřábek
Keywords: Second Pillar, Third Pillar, European Union, Treaty of Lisbon, supranationalism, intergovernmentalism


The paper focuses on the decision-making process in the European Union since approval of the Treaty of Maastricht. Special consideration is dedicated to pillars two and three. The second pillar is connected with Common Foreign and Security Policy, while the third pillar contributes with Justice and Home Affairs. The first part of this paper introduces the major tools which are commonly used and describes how pillars system works. The difference between intergovernmentalism and supranationalism is also addressed. In the second part the paper deals with some important changes under the Treaty of Nice and Treaty of Lisbon. The Treaty of Lisbon will cancel the pillars system, being replaced by one legal personality for the European Union. While the former treaties were partly based on intergovernmentalism, the Treaty of Lisbon is mostly oriented on supranationalism.

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How to Cite
Jeřábek, P. (2014). Decision-Making under Pillars Two and Three. Central European Public Administration Review, 7(4).